Women are far more likely to experience eye irritation. A higher percentage of women than men develop age-related eye issues such as macular degeneration, cataracts and dry eye. Human females tend to live longer than males and hormonal changes associated with pregnancy and menopause may make females more susceptible to eye disease.
There are also other triggers that play a role. Makeup and contact lens wear along with digital device and computer use are common risk factors. Certain medication as well as autoimmune diseases that cause inflammation of body tissues can also affect vision. Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and multiple sclerosis are among these, and they tend to be more common in women.
Women also tend to run a higher risk of developing chronic dry eye syndrome. Eyes produce fewer tears as we age, and chronic MGD dry eye can be the result. Women are two to three times more likely to have dry eye syndrome than men.
Prevention and Early Detection
- Practice Daily Lid and Lash Hygiene
- Get Regular Eye Exams, Especially Over 50
- Exercise Regularly
- Protect Your Eyes from Injury – Wear Safety Glasses When Needed
- Wear UV 400 or Better Sunglasses When Outside
- Quit Smoking
- Eat a Healthy Diet with Adequate Amount of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- Limit Screen Use
- Know Your Family Medical History